Ley y Orden Proyecto

Ley y Orden means Law and Order in English, and the purpose of this project was to decide whether or not a Latin American revolutionary should go down in history as a hero or a villain. These debates were set up in the form of a court case. Each case had four attorneys, four witnesses, a judge, bailiff, and jury. Two of the attorneys were prosecuting the revolutionary, and the other two were defending the revolotuionary. For this project we were given a partner and a Latin American revolutionary. My partner, Emily, and I were given the Cuban Revolutionary, Fidel Castro, and had to persuade everyone that he should go down in history as a villain. We started off with me making my opening statement and then the defendants making their opening statement. We then examined our two witness, an immigration official and Fidel Castro’s ex-wife. During this time we also presented our pieces of evidence. Next, the defendants presented their witnesses and we finished with the closing statements. The jury then went outside to deliberate and when they came back in, they said that their verdict  was that Fidel Castro should go down in history as a hero.

Slanted Biography:

A slanted biography is an extremely biased biography that really only focuses on either all of the bad or all of the good events in a person’s life.

Fidel Castro – 28 April 2009

It was a dark, horrid day, August 13, 1926. The communist tyrant, Fidel Castro, was born illegitimately. His father was Angel Castro y Argiz and his mother was Lina Ruz Gonzalez, the second wife of his cheating father, Angel.

Fidel Castro was a remarkably treacherous boy to his father and everyone else. When he was thirteen, he organized strikes for the workers on his father’s sugar plantation. (Simkin). The victim of those strikes was Fidel Castro’s father, who was just trying to make a living on his plantation. Eventually he became involved in extremist politics and engaged in aggressive riots during college. (The Cold War Museum). In addition to violent riots, Fidel Castro was a member of a party that wanted to dispose of Fulgencio Batista, who took control of the Cuban government. (Team 18355).

On July 26, 1953, Fidel Castro set in motion an already doomed attack on the Moncada Army Barracks, which ended in disaster. Out of the 123 men and women who followed Fidel Castro, in their plot to overthrow Batista, approximately 88 were captured and murdered. (Simkin). Fidel Castro served two years, out of fifteen, in prison and then continued to plot against the Cuban government with guerrilla and peasant forces after continuously stealing weaponry from helpless outposts. (The Cold War Museum). Eventually, Castro achieved victory at the cost of many and came into power.

When Fidel Castro came into power the majority of the people supported him but would soon view him as an unruly dictator. Fidel Castro promised mild reform and the former constitution but really wanted it to be radical reform. (The Cold War Museum). As Fidel Castro’s reign progressed, the US government’s agricultural and business estates were forced out of Cuba, causing an immense sum of distrust and doubt. (The Cold War Museum). Eventually the US attempted to overthrow Fidel Castro a staggering total of six hundred thirty-eight times over the course of years and different US presidents, who all wanted to rid the planet of him and all the trouble he has caused. As a result of the USA trying to protect and save Cuba’s people, Castro became allies with our enemy, the Soviet Union, and traded long-range weapons, that could lead to a nuclear war, soon led to the Cuban Missile Crisis in 1962. Ever since the Soviet Union was destroyed in 1989, Cuba has been left in a poverty-stricken economical state. In 1994 Castro was greatly embarrassed when his own daughter sought asylum, the protection granted by a nation to someone who has left his or her native country as a political refugee, and left him to go to the United States. (Simkin).

In 2005, the CIA reported that Fidel Castro had medical complications and transferred his political responsibilities to his younger brother, Raul Castro. In February of 2008, Fidel Castro formally announced that he would no longer be the leader of Cuba, and that his brother, Raul would continue leading the nation. According to the BBC, Fidel Castro, who is now 82 years old, has not been seen since 2006 however still ceded power to his brother in February 2008. Strongly worded essays written by him on politics appear frequently. (BBC).

Works Cited:

BBC. BBC NEWS | World | Americas | Fidel’s words cool US-Cuba hopes. 22 April 2009. 28 April 2009 <http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/americas/8012313.stm&gt;.

Simkin, John. Fidel Castro. 27 April 2009 <http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/COLDcastroF.htm&gt;.

Team 18355. Fidel Castro. 1998. 27 April 2009 <http://library.thinkquest.org/18355/fidel_castro.html&gt;.

The Cold War Museum. Cold War info on Fidel Castro (August 13, 1926, President, Cuba 1959 – 2007). 2008. 27 April 2009 <http://www.coldwar.org/articles/50s/FidelCastro.asp&gt;.

Opening Statement:

Ladies and Gentlemen of the jury, I stand before you today to show you that the defendant, Fidel Castro should not go down in history as a hero. The defendant should go down in history as a harsh dictator. When Fidel Castro was young, he engaged himself in extremest politics and aggressive riots. He also joined a group that wanted to kill Batista, the leader of Cuba. On July 26, 1953, he led an attack on the Moncada army barracks. Almost all those men who followed the defendant were captured and murdered. The defendant served time in prison and then continued to plot against the Cuban government. He soon conned peasant forces into joining him and repeatedly stole weaponry from outposts. Eventually, Castro took control of the Cuban government. He promised mild reform but lied and resorted to radical reform. The US government’s businesses and agriculture were forced out of Cuba which led to great distrust between the nations. Cuba became friends with the Soviet Union , because they were our enemy, and traded weapons that could destroy the USA. This led to the Cuban Missile Crisis in 1962. The US  then decided to extinguish Fidel Castro and rid the trouble he caused. Many consecutive presidents tried to kill Castro but failed. Once the Soviet Union was destroyed, Cuba has been in a poor economic state. Many people try to flee Cuba and Fidel Castro, but few make it to the US and are able to stay. Those who are caught by the Coast Guard are returned to Cuba where they are cruelly punished and imprisoned. In 1994, even Fidel Castro’s own daughter fled Cuba as a political refugee and went to the US. Ladies and Gentlemen of the Jury, Fidel Castro has committed many crimes against Cuba, the USA and humanity. He should not go down in history as a hero after killing and sacrificing so many. Fidel Castro must be remembered as a tyrant. Thank You.

Witness Questions:

Immigration Officer Witness Questions:

Can you please state your name for the court.

Maria Lupe

So, Maria, what do you do for a living?

I am one of Cuba’s Immigration Officers and I oversee both legal and illegal immigration between Cuba and the United States of America.

How many legal immigrants are able to come to the United States in a year?

Over 36,000 legal immigrants.

And how many illegal?

It’s hard to say because the Cubans who are trying to leave don’t want to get caught and taken back to Cuba where they are punished by my country’s cruel government. However, about 60,000 to 160,000 Cubans leave Cuba every year.

How do many of the Cubans try to cross the 90 miles of rough sea?

Many people, both children and adults, sometimes pay around 10,000 dollars a head to board a smuggler’s boat. In a 30 square foot boat, there could be around 30 people trying to make their way to Florida. However, many people build their own rafts out of foam or plywood which easily break.

Your honor, Exhibit A. A raft made out of a truck that helped bring refugee fleeing from Cuba to the US to start a new life. These rafters were captured by the Coast Guard and were returned to Cuba where they were punished by Castro.

Truck raft intercepted by U.S. Coast Guard July 16, 2003.

Truck raft intercepted by U.S. Coast Guard July 16, 2003.

Coast Guard sank the truck and returned the  migrants to Cuba.

Coast Guard sank the truck and returned the migrants to Cuba.

12 people sailed in a 1951 Chevy  truck.

12 people sailed in a 1951 Chevy truck.

Engine tuning while at 8 mph.

Engine tuning while at 8 mph.

55-gallon drums served as pontoons and a propeller was attached to the driveshaft.

55-gallon drums served as pontoons and a propeller was attached to the driveshaft.

Maria, what are some of the dangers that the refugees risk their lives for when trying to flee to Florida?

Well most people do not bring enough food and water so they become delusional which can lead to death. There is also the danger of sharks that attack the rafts. Some other things to worry about are the 15 mile per hour winds and the 10 foot waves.

Your honor, Exhibit B. A photograph of one of those rafts handmade by someone who wanted to flee cuba. However, they were caught by the Coast Guard and returned to Cuba where they were sent to prison for just trying to escape Cuba and start a new life.

Rafters intercepted by the Coast Guard 1998.

Rafters intercepted by the Coast Guard 1998.

How has Castro changed Cuba?

Before Castro, we had a happy life but the number of hospitals decreased and the deaths by disease and suicide increased. Many of my friends and family have committed suicide or tried to cross into the United States! Fidel Castro lied to the people of Cuba about his plans for change when he came into office! He promised the old constitution but resorted to radical reform which led to cruel uprisings. Fidel Castro is no hero. He is a lying unjust tyrant!

No further Questions your honor.

1 Response so far »

  1. 1

    Taylor said,

    Well I’m afended that they sank that old Chevy truck it was only doing what it was told to do it didn’t deserve to be sank


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